E. O. Babarinde, M. R. Akinlaja, O. G. Longe, O. O. Ojebiyi


A study, using 105, day-old broiler chicks (Abor acre) was conducted to assess the effect of Brewers Dried Grain (BDG) and Red Sorghum Spent Grain (RSSG - burukutu residue) on the carcass and organ features of broilers for 8 weeks. The birds were weight-balanced, randomly selected and divided into 3 treatment groups in which the control group had neither BDG nor RSSG while the other two diets contained either 15% BDG or 15% RSSG in 5 replications with 7 birds in each replicate using a completely randomized design. For the carcass characteristics (percentage of live weight), the RSSG influenced (P<0.05) the live weight (g) and the drumstick weight. Both test diets influenced (P<0.05) the crop weight of the birds. The breast and back weights of BDG fed diets were significantly higher (P<0.05) than the RSSG, although the RSSG did not differ (P>0.05) from the control. For the organ characteristics, there were no differences (P>0.05) among all the treatments. It was concluded that, at 15% inclusion level, both BDG and RSSG are good substitute for maize in conventional broiler ration. However, the choice will depend on the cost value of the ingredients.


Brewers dried grain, red sorghum spent grain, broilers, carcass, organ

Full Text:



Abd El-Hack, M. E., Alagawany, M., Patra, A., Abdel-Latef, M., Ashour, E. A., Arif, M., Farag, M. R. and Dhama, K. (2019). Use of brewers dried grains as an unconventional feed ingredient in the diets of broiler chickens: a review. Advances in Animal and Veterinary. Science, 7(3): 218-224.

Adama, I. Z., Ogunbajo, S. A. and Mambo, M. (2007). Feed intake, growth performance and nutrient digestibility of broiler chicks fed diet containing varying levels of sorghum dried brewer’s grain. International Journal of Poultry Science, 6 (8): 592-598.

Adeleke, M. A., Ogunsanya, J. D., Akano, K., Ozoje, M. O., Ikeobi, C. O. N. and Olufunmilayo, A. A. (2009). Breast girth measurement as an estimate of live weight in Nigerian local chickens. Nigerian Society for Animal Production, 34: 399-401.

Aderolu, A. Z., Iyayi, E. A. and Onilude, A. A. (2007). Performance, organ relative weight, serum and hematology parameters in broilers finisher fed biodegraded brewers dried grain. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 6(3): 204-208.

Adeyemi, O. A., Adekoya, J. A. and Sobayo, R. A. (2012). Performance of broiler chickens fed diets containing cassava leaf: blood meal mix as replacement for soybean meal. Revista Científica UDO Agrícola, 12 (1): 212-219.

Adeyemo, A. A. and Ifon, A. T. (2009). Extent of use of ICT by poultry farms in Oyo State. Nigerian Society for Animal Production, 34:244.

Aduku, A.O. and Olukosi, J.O. (2000). Animal Products Processing and Handling in the Tropics. 2nd ed. GU Publications. Abuja, Nigeria, 147.

Ajayi, O., Olumide, M. D., Tayo, G. O., Chioma, G. O., Akinsoyinu, A. O. and Ndubuisi, L. O. (2017). Carcass and hematology parameters of broiler chickens reared on sun cured sesame supplemented sesame diet. Proceedings of the Conference of Nigeria Society for Animal Production, 42:135.

Alabi, O. O., Atteh, J. O., Adejumo, I. O. and Ogundele, O. O. (2014). Effects of dietary levels of brewers’ dried grain supplemented with commercial enzymes on performance, nutrient retention and gastro- intestinal tract characteristics of Arbor Acre broilers. International Journal of Agriculture Innovations and Research, 2 (5): 2319- 1473.

Amaduruonye, W., Ikwunze, K., Oguike, M. A. and Onunkwo, D. N. (2018). Influence of ginger (Zingiber officinale) on histology, blood profile and internal organ characteristics of broilers. Nigerian Journal of Animal Science, 20(1):61-71.

Ankra, A. B., Sam, E. A. and Nyantakyi, S. (2014). Improving the utilization of sorghum spent grain (Pito mash) in broiler diets by treating with plantain peels ash extract. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Health Care, 4:26.

AOAC (2005). Official Methods of Analysis. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington D.C., USA, Page 48.

Ashour, E. A., Abd El-Hack, M. E., El-Hindawy, M. M., Attia, A. I., Osman, A. O., Swelum, A.A., Alowaimer, A. N., Saadeldin, I. M. and Laudadio, V. (2019). Impacts of dietary inclusion of dried brewers’ grains on growth, carcass traits, meat quality, nutrient digestibility and blood biochemical indices of broilers. South African Journal of Animal Science, 49:3.

Awodola, P. O. O. and Yahaya, M. O. (2017). Growth performance and carcass characteristics of broiler chickens fed with graded levels of Roselle calyx (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.). Annual Conference of Nigerian Society for Animal Production, 42:246.

Crawshaw, R., (2004). Co-product feeds: animal feeds from the food and drinks industries. Nothingham University Press.

Demeke S. (2007). Comparative nutritive value of Atella and industrial brewers’ grains in Chicken starter ration in Ethiopia. Livestock Research for Rural Development, 19:8.

Holmes, C. P., Cahill, G., Smart, K. A. and Cook, D. J. (2013). The composition and ultrastructure of sorghum spent grain. Journal of the Institute of Brewing, 119: 41–47.

Ironkwe, M. O. and Bamgbose, A. M. (2011). Effect of replacing maize with brewers dried grain in broiler finisher diet. International Journal of Poultry Science, 10(9): 710-712.

Kleczek, K., Wilkiewicz-Wawro, E., Wawro, J., Makowski, W. (2007). Effect of body weights of day-old Muscovy ducklings on the growth and carcass traits. Arch. Tier. Dummerstorf, 50(2): 204-213.

Nwachuckwu, E. N., Amaechi, A. F. and Oke, U. K. (2009). Growth and carcass characteristics of crossbred frizzle and normal feather broiler in a humid tropical environment. Nigeria Society for Animal Production, 34:378-381.

Odjo, S. D. P., Malumba, P. K., Yves, B. and François B. (2015). Impact of drying and heat treatment on the feeding value of corn. A review. Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment, 19(3): 301-3

Olajide, R., Akinsoyinu, A.O., Iyayi, E.A. and Afolabi, K.D. (2013). The effect of brewers dried grains supplemented by enzyme on performance of isa-brown laying hens. Poljoprivreda,19:2013 (1) 65-69.

Olorede, B.R., Jimoh, A.A. and Mokogwu, O.B. (2009). The effect of the processing methods of Faidherbia Albida ‘Gao’ on the hematology and serum chemistry of broiler chickens. Nigerian Society for Animal Production, 34:92.

Onunkwo, D. N., Ugwuene, M. C., Eze, J. C. R. and Okpechi, F. C. (2018). Replacement value of palm kernel meal for maize on growth, egg quality, and economic parameters of local duck hens. Nigerian Journal of Animal Science, 20 (1): 145-151.

Onyimba, I. A., Ogbonna, C. I. C., Akueshi, C. O.and Chukwu, C.O.C. (2009). Changes in the nutrient composition of brewery spent grain subjected to solid state natural fermentation. Nigerian Journal of Biotechnology, 20:55 – 60.

SAS (2004). Statistical Users Guide. SAS. Int., Cary, NC. USA.

Selle, J. and Ravindran, V. (2007). Microbial phytase enzyme in poultry nutrition. A Review. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 135: 1-41.

Swain, B. K., Naik, P. K., Chakurkar, E. B. and Singh, N. P. (2012). Effect of feeding brewers’ dried grain on the performance and carcass characteristics of Vanaraja chicks. Journal of Applied Animal Research, 40(2):163-166.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Animal Production Research