THE USE OF YEAST (SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE) AS AN ALTERNATIVE TO ANTIBIOTICS FEED ADDITIVE FOR SUSTAINABLE ANIMAL PRODUCTION: A REVIEW

B. M. Shehu, W. Buba

Abstract


Feed additives are incorporated in animal feeds for the purpose of improving rate of live weight gain and feed efficiency of the animals, and also for preventing and controlling diseases. Over the years, antibiotics has been used as feed additives. The massive use of antibiotics for disease prevention and growth promoter in animal production has been implicated in the emergence of antibiotic resistant pathogens and antibiotic residues in animal products. For this reason, certain regulatory bodies (such as the European Commission and United States Department of Agriculture) have banned their inclusion in animal feed. Thus, natural alternatives such as yeast culture that are safe, cheap and readily available to smallholder farmers, is an important strategy. Topics to be discussed in this review paper include; the feed additives used in animal nutrition, alternatives to antibiotics and yeasts as probiotics and its effects.

Keywords


Feed Additives, Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae), Antibiotics

Full Text:

PDF

References


Brezoen, A., Van Haren, W. and Hanekamp, J. C. (1999). Emergence of a Debate. AGPs and Public Health. Human Health and Antibiotic Growth Promoters (AGPs): Reassessing the Risk. Heidelberg Appeal Nederland Foundation, 131 pp.

Buba, W., Olugbemi, T.S., Omage, J. J., Duru, S. and Iyiola-Tunji, A. O. (2016) Response and economic efficiency of broiler chickens fed graded levels of baker’s yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) supplement. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production, 43 (2), 304 – 313.

Dawson, K. A. (2002). Not just bread and beer: new applications for yeast and yeast products in human health and nutrition. In: Lyons, T. P. and Jaques, F. A. (Eds.). Nutritional Biotechnology in the Feed and Food Industry. Nottingham University Press, Nottingham, Pp. 225–232.

Demain, A. L., Phaff, H. J. and Kurtzman, C. P. (1998). The industrial and agricultural significance of yeasts. In: Kurtzman C.P. and Fell, J.W. (Eds.) The yeasts – a taxonomic study, 4th Edition, Elsevier, Amsterdam, Pp. 13–19.

European Union Commission (EUC) (2005). Ban on Antibiotics as Growth Promoters in Animal Feed enters into Effect. Regulation 183/2003/ec on Additives for Use in Animal Nutrition, replacing Directive 700/524//eec on Additives in Feedstuffs, Brussels, 22 December, 2005.

Ewuola, E. O., Sokunbi, O., Alaba, J. O. O. and Omoniyi, A. B. (2010). Haematology and serum biochemistry of weaned rabbits fed dietary prebiotics and probiotics. In: Proceedings of the 35th Conference of Nigeria Society of Animal Production, March 14th to 17th 2010, 35, 147-150.

Falcão-e-Cunha, L., Castro-Solla, L., Maertens, L., Marounek, M., Pinheiro, V.§, Freire, J. and Mourão, J.L. (2007). Alternatives to antibiotic growth promoters in rabbit feeding: A review. World Rabbit Science, 15, 127 – 140.

Fortun-Lamothe, L. and Boullier, S. (2007). A review on the interactions between gut microflora and digestive mucosal immunity: Possible ways to improve the health of rabbits. Livestock Science, 107, 1-18.

Gatesoupe, F. J. (1999). The use of probiotics in aquaculture. Aquaculture, 180, 147–165.

Harrison, J. S. (1993). Food and fodder yeast. In: Rose, A. H. and Harrison, J. S. (Eds.) The Yeasts, Volume 5, Yeast Technology, 2nd Edition, Academic, London, Pp. 399–434.

Inborr, J. (2000). Swedish poultry production without feed antibiotics. A tesing ground or a model for the future? Australian Poultry Science Symposium, 12, 1-9.

Javandel, B., Navidshad, J., Seifdavati, G. H. P. and Baniyaghoub, S. (2008). The favourite dosage of garlic meal as feed additive in broiler chickens ratios. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 11, 1746-1749.

Kyriakis, S.C., Tsiloyiannis, V.K.J., Vlemmas, K., Sarris, A.C., Tsinas, C. A. and Jansegers, L. (1999). The effect of probiotic LSP 122 on the control of post-weaning diarrhoea syndrome of piglets. Research in Veterinary Science, 67(3), 223-228.

Lyons, T. P., Jacques, K. A. and Dawson, K. A. (1993). Miscellaneous products from yeasts. In: Rose, A. H. and Harrison, J. S. (Eds) The Yeasts, Volume 5, Yeast Technology, 2nd Edition, Academic, London, Pp. 293–325.

Marteau, P. and Boutron-Ruault, M. C. (2002). Nutritional advantages of probiotics and prebiotics. British Journal of Nutrition, 87(2), S153–S157.

Mateos, G. G., Rebollar, P. G. and de Blas, C. (2010). Minerals, Vitamins and Additives. In: de Blas, C. and Wiseman, J. (Eds.) Nutrition of the Rabbit, 2nd Edition, CABI International, Oxfordshire, UK., Pp. 119-150.

Midilli, M., Alp, M., Kocabagh, N., Muglah, O. H., Turan, N., Yilmaz, H. and Cakir, S. (2008). Effect of dietary probiotics and prebiotic supplementation on growth performance and serum IgG concentration of broilers. South African Journal of Animal Science, 38 (1), 21-27.

Mombelli, B. and Gismondo, M.R. (2000). The use of probiotics in medical practice. International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents, 16, 531–536.

Newbold, C. J., Wallace, R. J. and McIntosh, F. M. (1996). Mode of action of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae as a feed additive for ruminants. British Journal of Nutrition, 79, 249- 261.

Onifade, A. A., Obiyan, R.I., Onipede, E., Adejuma, O. A., Abu, O. A. and Babatunde, G. M. (1999). Assesement of the effects of supplementing rabbits with a culture of Saccharomyces cerevisiae using growth performance, blood composition and clinical enzyme activities. Animal Feed Science Technology, 77, 25-32.

Peppler, H. J. (1970). Food yeasts. In: Rose, A.H., Harrison, J.S. (Eds.) The Yeasts, Vol 3. Yeast Technology, Academic, London, Pp. 421–462.

Robinson, P. H. and Erasmus, L. J. (2009). Effects of analyzable diet components on response of lactating dairy cows to Saccharomyces cerevisiae based yeast products: a systematic review of the literature. Animal Feed Science Technology, 149, 185-198.

Shareef, A. M. and Al-Dabbagh, A. S. A. (2009). Effect of probiotic (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) on the performance of broiler chicks. In: Proceedings of the 5th Scientific Conference, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Mosul, Iran, 23(1), 23-29.

Shehu, B. M., Ayo, J. O., Ayanwale, B. A., Jiya, E. Z and Tsado, D. N. (2014). Growth performance and nutrient digestibility of weaned rabbits fed diets supplemented with varying levels of baker’s yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae). International Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development, 17 (1), Pp1619-1627.

Shehu, B. M., Ayanwale, B. A., Ayo, J. O. & Uchendu, C. (2016). Short communication: Effect of Saccharomyces cerevisiae supplementation on some biomarkers of oxidative stress in weaned rabbits during the hot-dry season. World Rabbit Science Vol 24 (1): 67-70.

Sullivan, A. and Nord, C. E. (2002). The place of probiotics in human intestinal infections. International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents, 20, 313–319.

Tovar, D., Zambonino, J., Cahu, C., Gatesoupe, R. Vazquez-Juarez R, and Lesel, R. (2002). Effect of live yeast incorporation in compound diet on digestive enzyme activity in sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) larvae. Aquaculture, 204, 113–123.

United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) National Organic Program (2005). Official Status Listing of Organic Certification Agencies Currently under Assessment by USDA for compliance with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) Guide 65. http://www.ams.usda.gov/lsg/arc/iso65.htm.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.

Comments on this article

View all comments


Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Animal Production Research