AN ASSESSMENT OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF POULTRY FARMERS IN PLATEAU STATE NIGERIA

O. A. Ojo, A. O. Iyiola-Tunji, I. A. Annatte, A. K. Olutunmogun

Abstract


This study examined the socio-economic characteristics of poultry producers, their production practices and constraints to production amongst urban poultry farmers in Plateau State. A two-stage sampling technique was used to select the respondents for the study. Primary data were collected with the aid of structured questionnaire and analyzed using descriptive statistics. The results obtained revealed that majority (70%) of the producers are males and 36.7% fell within the age bracket of 47-56 years, majority (51.7%) of the producers are married, and those with larger household sizes (6-10) produced more poultry products. Respondents who had tertiary education were the major producers of poultry products (66.7%) and 70.0% were Civil servants. From the results of the production practices, 41.6% of the respondents produce layer chickens followed by broilers (40.0%), both broilers and layers (16.7%) and cockerels (1.7%). Majority (90.0%) of the respondents raised their birds on deep litter, followed by battery cage (6.7%). Family and hired labour were the predominant sources of labour (50%) respectively. Commercial feed was majorly (83.5%) utilized, while 16.7% fed self-compounded feed. Also, 61.6% of the respondents provided medication monthly, while 31.7% provided medication bi-monthly, followed by 6.7% which provided medication quarterly.  The results also revealed that the major constraint to production was the high cost of feed (42%). This study therefore recommends that farmers should come together to form cooperatives thereby combining their resources to establish a feed mill and overcome the high cost of feed.

Keywords


Poultry production practices, Socio-economic characteristics of poultry producers

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