BOVINE CUTANEOUS EOSINOPHILIC GRANULOMA (SHIKA ULCER): A RETROSPECTIVE OBSERVATION.

Mansur Dandallah Salisu, A. K. Mohammed, M. A. Ibrahim, F. U. Samuel, Z. M. Wunti, T. K. Bello

Abstract


A retrospective study on the prevalence of Bovine Cutaneous Eosinophilic Granuloma referred to as “Shika Ulcer” in a livestock research farm is reported.

A total of 50 cases (6.4%) out of 783 (93.6) bovine cutaneous conditions were diagnosed at the Animal Health Unit of the Institute during a ten year period. Of the 50 clinical cases seen, 52.0% were in Bunaji (White Fulani), 22.0% in the Friesian – Bunaji crosses, 16.0% in Bokoloji, and 10.0% in N’dama breed.

BCEG showed remarkable seasonality in prevalence with over 80% of cases occurring during the raining season. Shika ulcer also showed sex bias in prevalence with 86.0% of the cases occurring in the cows and 14.0% in the bulls. The reverse was however the case for age predisposition with 86.0% occurring in the adults and 14.0 in yearling.

Significant statistical difference was observed in the age and breed predisposition (P <0.05) for this condition in the study area.


Keywords


Cutaneous Eosinophilic Granuloma (Shika Ulcer), Cattle, Season

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adegboye, D.S. (1972). Eosinophilic Granuloma (“Shika Ulcer”) in Cattle-A Case Resprt. Journal of the Association of Veterinary Medical Students, ABU, Zaria. Vol 3 (28-30).

Ernest, W. (2008). Feline Eosinophilic Granuloma Complex: Dermatology for the Small Animal Practitioner 52: 573-583.

Gasthuy, F.M., Van Heerden, M., Vercruysse, J. (2004). Conjunctival Herbronemiasis in Horse in Belgium. Vet Rec 154:757-8.

Herd, R.P., Donham, J.C. (1981). Efficacy of Ivernectin against Draschia and Habronema infection (Summer sores) in horses. Am J Vet Res. 42:1953-5.

Littlewood, J.D. (1999). Equine Practice: Control of Ectoparasites in Horses. In Pract. 21:418-24.

Oduve, D.S. (1975). Eosinophilic Granuloma in Cattle-A Case Resprt. Journal of the Association of Veterinary Medical Students, ABU, Zaria. Vol 6 (20-32).

Pusterla, N., Watson, J.L., Wilson, W.D., Arrolter, V.K., Spier, S.J. (1988-2002). Cutaneous and Ocular Habronemiasis in Horses. J Am Vet Med Ass. 222(7):978-82.

Saidu, S.N.A., Sackey, A.K., Ibrahim, N.D.G., Abdullahi U.S., Ajanusi, O.J., Abgede, R.Y.S. (1986). Conference Paper: Preliminary Studies on Bovine Cutaneous Eosinophilic Granuloma (Shika Ulcer). 23rd Annual Conference, Nigerian veterinary Medical Association 17th – 19th November.

Sanderson, T.P., Nito, Y. (1990). Cutaneous Habronemiasis in a dog. Vet Path 27:208-9.

Swinkler, A., Peairs, F.B. (2014) .Horse arthropod pests. Livestock Series: Health. Colorado State University Cooperative Extension publication. Journal of Equine Veterinary Science. 34:241–248 247.

Yarmut, Y., Brommer, H., Weisler, S., Shelah, M., Komarovsky, O., Steinman, A. (2008). Cutaneous Habronemiasis in a horse: Case report. Isreal J Vet Med 63(3).


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 Journal of Animal Production Research