GROWTH AND REPRODUCTIVE PERFORMANCE OF RABBIT DOES FED Moringa oleifera LEAF MEAL BASED DIETS SUPPLEMENTED WITH GARLIC, GINGER OR BLACK PEPPER

A. A. Mohammed, G. T. Iyeghe-Erakpotobor, D. Zahraddeen, P. P. Barje, F. U. Samuel

Abstract


This experiment was carried out to evaluate the weight changes, blood chemistry and reproductive performance of rabbit does fed Moringa oleifera leaf meal (MOLM) supplemented with garlic (GR), ginger (GG) or black pepper (BP).  Five diets were formulated to contain no MOLM, 6% MOLM and 6% MOLM with supplementation of either garlic, ginger or black pepper at 700g/100kg diet. Twenty five mature cross bred rabbit does were randomly allocated to the treatments in a completely randomized design. The experiment lasted for two parities. Kit weight at kindling was significantly (P<0.01) high in rabbit does fed MOLM + BP.  Increased daily feed intake at 3 to 6 weeks lactation was obtained in the MOLM + diet. GR fed. Kits survival rate was significantly (P < 0.05) higher in the MOLM + GR and MOLM + GG. Total milk yield was significantly (P< 0.05) high from rabbit does fed MOLM + GG and MOLM + BP. It was concluded that  6% MOLM + 700g GR increased doe and kits average daily feed intake from 3 weeks after  kindling  to  weaning,  litter weight at  kindling, at 3 weeks  lactation and  total milk yield. Adding 700g GR to 6% MOLM increased litter weight at weaning, kit weight at kindling and kit survival rate over 6% MOLM. 6% MOLM + 700g GG increased litter weight at  3 weeks  lactation and  kit  weight  at  kindling. 6% MOLM + 700g BP, decreased litter weight at kindling and kit weight at kindling. Adding 700g BP to 6% MOLM increased total  milk yield, kits  survival rate and decreased  litter  weight  at  3 weeks  lactation  and  at  weaning over 6% MOLM. Adding 700g GG to 6% MOLM increased litter weight at weaning, total milk yield and kits survival rate over 6% MOLM. It is therefore recommended that 6% MOLM + 700g GR should be fed to cross bred rabbit does in order to  improve litter weight at kindling and litter weight at  3 weeks  lactation  by 15.4 and 3.6% respectively.

Keywords


Phytogenics, Reproduction, Does, Litter, Kits

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