EFFECTS OF REPLACING GROUNDNUT HAULMS WITH WHOLE COTTONSEED IN CATTLE FATTENING CONCENTRATES ON DRY MATTER INTAKES AND WEIGHT CHANGE

D. Y. Goska, A. U. Kibon, C. B.I. Alawa, O. S. Lamidi, J. Dauda, I. I. Madziga, C. Alphunsus

Abstract


Twenty five Bunaji bulls with average live weights of 230±0.4 kg were divided in to five groups and were allocated to five treatments in a completely randomized designed. The bulls were fed fattening concentrate diets in which whole cottonseed replaced groundnut haulms at 0, 25, 50, 75 and100%. Dry matter intake (DMI) of the concentrates was higher (P<0.05) in the bulls on 0 and 25% GH replacement than for those on 100%GH replacement with WCS, but was similar (p>0.05) to those on 50 and 75% GH replacement levels. Hay intake was higher (P<0.05) for the bulls on 100%GH replacement than for those on 0, 25 and 50% GH replacement, but was similar with those on 75% GH replacement level. Crude protein intake differed (p<0.01) significantly, with the highest value recorded for the bulls on 50% GH replacement and lowest value for the those on 0% GH replacement. Total live weight gain and daily weight gain was higher (p<0.05) on 0 and 25% GH replacement than on 75% GH replacement, but was similar (p>0.05) to 100% GH replacement. Total weight gain and daily weight gain tended to decreased with GH replacement with WCS. The initial live weight of the bulls on the respective treatments were improved by 30.98, 28.30, 23.16, 11.98 and 23.00% for 0, 25, 50, 75 and 100% GH replacement levels respectively. It was concluded that replacing groundnut haulms with whole cottonseed should not exceed 25% in concentrates for cattle fattening to minimize decline in weight gain

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdulrazak, S.A., Njuguna, E.G and Karau, P.K (2005). The effect of supplementing Rhodes grass (Chloris gayana) hay with Acacia tortilis leave and Pods mixture on intake, digestibility and growth performance of goats . Livestock Research for Rural Development 17:12.

Abou-Donia, M.B., Othman, M.A and Obih, P. (1976). Interspecies comparison of pharmacokinetic profile and bioavailability of + - gossypol in male Fischer-344 rats and male B6 C3F mice. Toxicology 55 (1-2):37-51

ACPI (America’s Cotton Producers and Importers) (2014). Benefits of feeding cotton seed.from www.wholecottonseed.com/cottonseed-101/benefits of feeding Whole cottonseed.

Alexander, J., Benford, D. and Cockburn, A. (2008). “Gossypol as undesirable substance in Animal feed” EFSA Journal 908 pp1-55.

Barje, P.P., O.W Ehoche, L.O.Eduvie, A.A.Voh, G.N.Akpa and O.S.Lamidi (2006). Effect of feeding different levels of whole cottonseed on performance of weaned calves. Nigerian Veterinary Journal.27 (3) (2006).

Barje, P. P., Ehoche, O.W. Eduvie, L.O. Voh A.A.Jr, andAkpa G.N. (2007). Effect of varying Level of Whole Cottonseed Supplementation on Onset of Puberty, Response to Oestrus Synchronization with PGF2a and Artificial Insemination inFriesian x Bunaji and Bunaji Heifers. Asian Journal of Animal Science 1(2):67-75,2007.

Barje, P.P., Ehoche, O.W. Eduvie, L.O. Voh A.A. Jr. and Akpa G.N. (2008). Effect of Varying Level of Whole Cottonseed Supplementation on Onset of Puberty, Response to Oestrus Synchronization with PGF2a and Artificial Insemination in Friesian x Bunaji and Bunaji Heifers. Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 3(1):1-8,2008.

Bertrand, J.A., Sudduth, T.Q., Condon A., Jekin, T.C and Calhoun M.C (2005). Nutrient content of whole cottonseed. Abstract, Journal of Dairy Science

(4):1470-7.from: www.ncbi.nlm.gov/pubmed/15778316.

Dale, A.B. and.Jim D (2002). Composition and feeding value of cottonseed feed Products for beef cattle. Kansas State University Agricultural Experiment station and cooperative Extension services.No.02-426-E www.ksre.edu/bookstore/pubs/MF2538.pdf

Fall, S. (1990). Improvement of nitrogen level in ruminant’s diet based on Cereal straw: The problem of dissemination of research results on utilization of urea and browse plants as nitrogen sources. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Gadelha, I.C.N., Fonseca, N.B.S., Oloris, S.C.S, Melo, M.M. and Soto-Blanco, B (2014). Gossypol Toxicity from Cotton Products. Scientific World Journal 2014 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4033412

Gallup, W.D. and Stillwater, O. (1935). The oil: Gossypol ratio of cottonseeds and its possible effect on the refining loss of crude cottonseed oil. Proceeding of The Oklahoma Academy of Science. From: digital library.okstate.edu/oas/oas-pdf/v16/p90-93.pdf

Ikurior, S.A. and Fetuga, B.A.L (1984). Some anti nutritional components in Nigerian cottonseed and cottonseed meals. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production 11(2):110-116.

Ismartoyo, M R (2018). Effect of feeding Whole Cottonseed as a supplement on digestibility and Rumen fermentation characteristics of sheep. Bangladesh Journal of Animal Science 46. 239.10.339bjas.v 46i4.36964

Jaddalla, J.B., Mekki D.M. and Mohammed T.A. (2012). Effect of supplementation of dry season grazing with Groundnut haulms on nutrients utilization and sheep performance in West Kordofan state, Sudan. Journal of Animal Production Advances 2(10):462-468.

Kanyinji, F., Chongo, J.and Simbaya, J. (2014). Intake and digestibility of Rhodes grass (Chloris gayana) hay treated with graded levels of concentrated Banana leaf ash solution in local goats. Journal of Animal Production Advances 4(6):448-4541

Kerr, L. A. (1989). “Gossypol toxicosis in cattle” Compendium on Continuing Education for the practicing Veterinarian, 11(9):1139-1146.

Kowel, J. (1968). Some physical properties of soils at Samaru, Zaria. Nigeria: Storage of water and its use by crops Part 1. Physical status of soil. Nigerian Agricultural Journal 5:13-20.

Kunle, W.E., Stewart, R.L.and Brown, W.F. (2004). Using by-product feed in beef supplementation programs. University of Florida IFAS Extension

http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/AN101.

Lamidi O.S (2005). The use of non-conventional protein sources for fattening cattle A PhD thesis submitted to The Department of Animal Science, Ahamadu Bello University Zaria

Lamidi O.S., Adamu, A.M., Ehoche, O.W. and Alawa, J.P. (2010). Feedlot

Performance of bunaji Bulls fed graded levels of maize offal and whole cottonseed. Journal of Animal Production Research 21, 22, 23:72-84.

Leng, R.A. (1990). Factor affecting the utilization of poor quality forages by ruminants Particularly under tropical conditions. Nutrition Research Review 44(1990) pp.277-303.

Li, L., Li, J.R. He, Q.L. Zhu, S.J. and Chen, J.H. (2014). Nutrients, Ultra structures and Cd subcellular location in the cottonseeds of three upland cotton cultivars under Cd stress. Journal of Soil science Plant Nutrition 14 (2). from: http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/$0718-95162014005000023

Liener, I.E. (1980). Heat labile antinutritional factors: In Advances in legume science, (Editors: R.J. Summerfield and A.H.Bunting) Kew London, Royal Botanic Gardens, pp:157-170.

Mendieta-Araica, B., Sporndly, R., Reyes-Sanchez, N. and Sporndly, E. (2010). Moringa (Moriga oleifera) leaf meal as a source of protein in locally produced concentrates for dairy cows fed low protein diets in Tropical areas. www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/s187114131000541

M’hamed, D., Faverdin, P.and Verite, R. (2001). Effect of the level and source o dairy protein on intake and milk yield in dairy cows. RuminantResources 50:205-211

Morgan, S.E (1989).Gossypol as a toxicant in livestock. In Burrows G.E(ed): The Veterinary Clinics of North America: Food Animal Practice. Philadelphia. W.B.Saunders, 1989, pp.251-263.http://osufactc.okstate.edu

Myer, R.O. and McDowell, L.R. (2003). Pontential for gossypol toxicity when feeding whole cottonseed to beef cattle. University of Florida IFAS Extension http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/an130

Myer, R.O. (2012). Cotton by-products as cattle feed. University of Florida IFAS Extension Publiction # AN134 edis.ifas.ufl.edu/Topic-Beef-Cattle-Nutrition.

Minson, D.J (1971). The nutrive value of tropical pastures. Journal of the Australian Institute of Agricultural Science 37: 255-263.

NCPA (2002) (National Cottonseed Products Association). Cottonseed Feed Products Giude. www.cottonseed.com/publication/feedproductsgiude.asp

Nurfeta, A., Churfo, A. and Abebe A. (2013). Substitution of pigeon pea leaves for noug (Guizotia abyssinica) seed cake as a protein supplement to sheep fed low quality tropical grass hay. Ethiopian Journal of Applied Science and technology 4 (1):1-13 (2013).

Osuji, P.O., Nsahlai, I.V, and Khalili, H. (1993). Feed evaluation. ILCA Manual 5.(InternationalLivestock Center for Africa),Addis Ababa Ethiopia. Pp.40. Rogers G.M.,

Pons, W.A,Jr, Hoffpauir, C.L. and Hopper, T.H. (1953). Gossypol in cottonseed: influence of variety of cottonseed and environment, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 1(18):1115-1118 .

Rao, K.V. and Sarma, R.V. (1945). Occurance of gossypol Curr. Sci.(Bangalore)14:270-271.

Risco, C.A., Holmberg, C.A. and Kutches, A. (1992 ). Effect of graded concentrations of gossypol on calf performance:Toxicological and pathological consideration. Journal of Dairy Science 75: 2787-2798.

Robinson, E.H.and Brent, J.R. (1989 ). Use of cotton seed meal in channel catfish feeds. Journal World Aquatic Society 20:250-255.

Rogers G.M., Poore, M.H.and Paschal, J.C. (2002). Feeding cotton products to cattle. Alterntive feeds for Beef Cattle G.M.Rogers and M.H.Poore ed. Veterinary clinical food Animal Practice 18:267-294

Sampaio, C.B, Detmann, E. Paulino, M.F. Valadares Filho, S.C.De Souza, M.A., Lazzarini, I. et al., (2010). Intake and digestibility in cattle fed low-quality tropical forage and supplemented with nitrogenous compounds. (Abstract) Tropical Animal Health and Production 42(7):147-9.

Sanni, A.I. and Ogbonna, D.N. (1990). The production of Owoh- a Nigerian fermented seasoning agent from cottonseed(Gossypium hirsutum L). Food microbiology 8:223-229.

Sarwatt, S.V. (1992). Effect of replacing sunflower seed cake with Crotalaria ochroleuca hay on feed intake, digestibility and growth rate of grazing sheep. Small Ruminant Research, 7(1992) 21-28.

Smith, N.E., Collar L.S Bath D.L, DunkLey W.L, Franke A.A (1981). Digestibility and effects of whole cottonseed fed to lactating cows. Journal of Dairy Science 64, 2208-2215.

Soto-Blanco, B. (2008). “Gossipol e fatores antinutricionais da soja” in Toxicologia Aplicada a Mediclna Veterlnaria, H.S.Spinosa, S.L.Gorniak, and J.P.Neto, Eds., pp. 531-545, Manole, Barueri, Brazil,2008. From https://www.researchgate.net/publication/235248973-Gossipol-e-fatores-

antinutricionais-da-soja.

Spadaro, J.J., Persell, R.M, Marphy, C.H.Jr., Vix, H.L.E., Mc Courtney, E.J. (1948). Pilot-plant fractionation of cottonseed. 1 Disintergration of cotton meats. Journal of American oil chemicalSociety 25:345(1948).

Stipanovic, R D., Puckhaber, L. S., Bell, A. A., Percival, A. E. and Jacobs J. (2005). Occurrence of (+) and (-) gossypol in wild species of cotton and in Gossypium hirsutm var.marie-galante (Watt) Hutchinson. (Abstract), Journal of Agriculture Food Chemistry 53 (16) 6266-71.

www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16076104.

Warly, L., Matsui, J, Harumoto, T. and Fujihara, T. (1992). Study on the utilization of rice Sraw by sheep 1. The effect of soybean meal supplementation on the voluntary Intake of rice straw and ruminal fermentation. Asian-Australian Journal of Animal Science 5:687-693.

Zelski, R.Z., Rothwell, J.T. Moore, R.E. and Kennedy, D.J. (1995). Gossypol toxicity in preruminant calves. Australian Veterinary Journal 72(10):394-8.

Zhongqi, H., Shankle, M, Zhang, H, Thomas, R.W., Tewolde, H. and Uchimiya, M. (2013). Mineral composition of cottonseed.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Animal Production Research