PERFORMANCE AND COST BENEFIT OF GROWING RED SOKOTO GOATS FED VARYING LEVELS OF SORGHUM ALMUM AND LABLAB PURPUREUS HAY MIXTURES WITH CONCENTRATE SUPPLEMENTATION

Y. M. Ishiaku, M. R. Hassan, R. J. Tanko, J. T. Amodu, S. B. Abdu, S. A. Ahmed, U. Abdullahi, H. Ibrahim, I. U. Bello, H. Ibrahim, B. M. Munza, S. G. Salisu

Abstract


An experiment was conducted at Feeds and Nutrition Research Programme, National Animal Production Research Institute, Shika, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria. To investigate the performance of growing Red Sokoto goats fed varying levels of Sorghum almum and Lablab purpureus hay mixtures with concentrate supplementation. Twenty growing Red Sokoto goats (bucks) aged between 8 -10 months with average body weight of 12.55 + 2.63 kg were randomly allotted to one the following four dietary treatments containing S. almum and L. purpureus hay mixtures of 100:0, 90:10, 80:20 and 70:30 inclusion levels as basal diets respectively and supplemented with concentrate. The bucks were individually pen-fed at 3 % body weight (1.5 % forage mixtures and 1.5 % concentrate) with allowance of 200g/day for a period of 12 weeks in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) in five replicates. Proximate composition of the experimental diet showed that Dry matter was between 91.11- 93.40%, Crude protein was 12.62 - 13.75%, Organic matter was 86.00- 88.48%, Crude fibre was 14.86- 17.01%, Metabolizable Energy was 12.16- 12.20MJ/kg, Relative Feed Value was 107.48- 129.35, Acid Detergent Fibre, Neutral Detergent Fibre, Acid Detergent Lignin, Hemicellulose and Cellulose were within the range of 26.66-31.15%, 48.98-55.72%, 9.80-12.02%,20.75-24.77% and 16.86-18.63% respectively. Total feed intake were significantly the same (P>0.05) across treatments. Average body weight gain (3.70kg) and daily weight gain (44.05 g/day) were significantly (P<0.05) higher in bucks fed 70:30 S. almum and L. purpureus hay mixtures than other treatments. Feed Conversion Ratio (10.09) was significantly (P<0.05) lower and better in bucks fed 70:30 hay mixtures as compared to other treatments. Higher value of gain (N1, 665.00k) and Net benefit (N1, 171.25k) was obtained for feeding bucks with S. almum and L. purpureus hay mixtures at 70:30 compared to other treatments. Therefore, feeding growing Red Sokoto bucks with S. almum and L. purpureus hay mixtures at 70:30 improves their performance, increased cost benefit of the farmer by 34.37 %, reduce the cost of feeding concentrate and hence, the utilization of S. almum and L. purpureus hay mixtures at 70:30 in the diets of small ruminants is hereby recommended.

Keywords


Red Sokoto goats, Sorghum almum, Lablab purpureus, Hay, Concentrate

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References


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