EFFECTS OF DIETARY CASSAVA PEEL MEAL INCLUSION AND STORAGE DURATION ON INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL CHARACTERISTICS OF CHICKENS' EGG

O. A. Ogunwole, A. Samireddypalle, E. I. Awoyemi, A. O. Mosuro

Abstract


Effect of dietary cassava peel meal on internal and external quality of chicken egg during storage was evaluated. Isa Brown layers (n=2400), aged 36 weeks were randomly allotted to two dietary treatments each having 1200 birds each. Control group was fed standard corn-soya diets while treatment group which contained 5% cassava peel mash was fed with water ad libitum. At week 6 of feeding, eggs (n=150) were randomly collected from each treatment, stored at ambient conditions and assessed for internal and external quality characteristics at days 0, 7, 14, 21 and 28 of egg storage The experiment was a 2×5 factorial arrangement in a completely randomised design. Effect of dietary cassava peel was not significant (P>0.05) on all egg external quality indices. There was decreased egg weight (66.90±4.54 to 56.87±5.56), shell thickness (0.58±0.09 to 0.34±0.03), yolk height (17.63±1.50 to 6.68±1.05), albumen height (6.99±1.95 to 3.15±0.35) Haugh unit (70.03±10.48 to 55.73±7.44), yolk index (0.44±0.05 to 0.12±0.03) and yolk diameter (40.19±1.55 to 54.54±2.55) in days of storage (DOS). Interaction of DOS and diets significantly influenced (P<0.05) egg weight, length, shell thickness, yolk height, yolk index and Haugh unit. Most eggs external attributes were not affected by dietary cassava peel mash while most internal qualities reductions during storage were due to dietary CPM.

Keywords


Egg quality indices, Egg weight, Haugh unit, Isa brown, Yolk index

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aderemi, F. A., O. M. Alabi and Lawal, T. E. (2006). Utilization of whole cassava meal by egg laying type chicken. Proceedings of the 11th Annual Conference Animal Science Association Nigeria, September 18-21, 2006, IAR and T, Ibadan, Nigeria, pp: 73-75.

Aderemi, F. A., Adenowo, T. K., Oguntunji, A. O. (2012). Effect of whole cassava meal on performance and egg quality characteristics of layers. Journal of Agricultural Science 4(2):195-200. doi:10.5539/jas.v4n2p195 URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/jas.v4n2p195

Akinfala, E. O. and Tewe, O. O. (2004). Supplemental effects of feed additives on the utilization of whole cassava plant by growing pigs in the tropics; Livestock Research for Rural Development. Vol. 16, Art. #82. Retrieved August 24, 2016. http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd16/10/akin16082.htm

Anaeto, M. and Adighibe, L. C. (2011). Cassava Root Meal as Substitute for Maize in Layers Ration. Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science. 13(2):153-156 http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s1516-635X2011000200010

FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization) (2005): A review of cassava in Africa with country case studies on Nigeria, Ghana, the United Republic of Tanzania, Uganda and Benin. Proceedings of the validation forum on the global cassava development strategy, volume 2. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Rome, Italy. Pp 1-66

FAO (2011) Food and Agriculture Organisation Statistics FAOstat. Food and Agricultural Commodities Production; Available online: http://faostat.fao.org/site/339/default.aspx

Hammershoj, M. and Stenfeldt, S. (2005) Effect of blue lupin (Lupinus angustifolius) in organic layer diets and supplementation with foraging material on layer performance and some egg quality parameters. Journal of Poultry Science, 84 (5): 723-733. Doi:10.1093/ps/84.5.723

Haugh RR (1937) The Haugh units for measuring egg quality. U.S. Egg Poultry Management, 43: 552-555

Jin, Y. H., Lee K. T., Lee, W. I. and Han, Y. K. (2011). Effect of storage temperature and time on the quality of eggs from laying hens at peak of production. Asian-Australian Journal of Animal Science. Vol 24(2): 279-284 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2011.10210

Jones, D. R., J. B. Tharrington, P. A. Curtis, K. E. Anderson, K. M. Keener and F. T. Jones (2002). Effects of cryogenic cooling of shell eggs on egg quality. Journal of Poultry Science 81:727–733.

Mazzuco, H. and Bertechini, A. G. (2014). Critical points on egg production: causes, importance and incidence of egg shell breakage and defects. (A review). Ciência e Agrotecnologia vol. 38(1)

Ogunwole, O. A., Ojelade, A. Y. P., Oyewo, M. O. and Essien, E. A. (2015). Proximate Composition and Physical Characteristics of Eggs from Laying Chickens Fed Different Proprietary Vitamin-Mineral Premixes Under Two Rearing Systems During Storage, International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition Engineering, Vol. 5 No. 1, pp. 59-67. doi: 10.5923/j.food.20150501.08.

Ogunwole, O. A., Adesope, A. I., A. A. Raji and O. D. Oshibanjo (2017). Effect of partial replacement of dietary maize with cassava peel meal on egg quality characteristics of chicken during storage. Nigerian Journal of Animal Science, 19 (2): 140-152

Okike, I., Samireddypalle, A., Kaptoge, L. Fauquet, C., Atehnkeng, J. Bandyopadhyay, R., Kulakow, P., Duncan, A., Alabi, T. and Blummel, M. (2015). Technical innovations for small-scale producers and households to process wet cassava peels into high quality animal feed ingredients and aflasafeTM substrate. Food Chain 5:1-2. http://www.developmentbookshelf.com/doi/pdf/10.3362/2046-1887.2015.005

Okoli, A. (2008). Nigeria now world’s highest producer of cassava [cited 2008]. Available from: www.vanguardngr.com

Oladunjoye I O O Ojebiyi and O A Amao (2010) Effect of feeding processed cassava (Manihot esculenta crantz) peel meal based diet on the performance characteristics, egg quality and blood profile of laying chicken. Agricultura tropica et subtropica 43: 119-126. ISSN: 0231-5742

Oluyemi, J. A., Roberts, F. A. (1979). Poultry Production in Warm Wet Climate Macmillan Tropical Agriculture, Horticulture and Applied Ecology series, pg: 13-15

Oluyemi, J. A. and Roberts, F. A. 2000. Poultry Production in Warm Wet Climates. 2nd Edition. Spectrum Books Ltd, Ibadan, Nigeria. 244p.

PM note (2013). Poultry Production and Management: Veterinary & Nutritional Aspects-Protein Enhancement to Help Combat Hunger at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel (HUJI) 8 April to 2 May.

Reddy, P. M., V. R. Reddy, C. V. Reddy, S. P. Rap (1979). Egg weight, shape index and hatchability in khaki Campbell duck egg. Indian Journal of Poultry Science 14, 26-31.

Roberts Juliet, R. (2004). Factors affecting egg internal quality and egg shell quality in laying hens (A review). Journal of Poultry Science, 41 (3):161-177 http:doi.org/10.2141/jpsa.41.161

Salami, R. I. and Odunsi, A. A. (2003). Evaluation of Processed Cassava Peel Meals as substitutes for maize in the diets of Layers. International Journal of Poultry Science 2 (2): 112-116. Doi: 10.3923/ijps.2003.112.116 URL: http://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ijps.2003.112.116

SAS (2000). SAS User's Guide: Statistics. 8th Edn., SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC., USA.

Tabidi, M. H. (2011) Impact of storage period and quality on composition of table egg. Advanced Environmental Biology, 5:856-861.

Tewe O O (2004). Cassava for livestock feed in sub-saharan Africa. Global cassava development strategy. Plant Production and Protection Division, Food and Agricultural Organization and International Fund for Agricultural Development Rome, Italy.

Tewe, O. O. and Egbunike, G. N. (1992) Utilization of Cassava in non-ruminant livestock feeds. Cassava as livestock feed in Africa: Proceedings of the IITA/ILCA University. Workshop on the Potential Utilization of Cassava as Livestock Feed in Africa: 14-18 November 1988, Ibadan, Nigeria

Tewe, O. O. Kasali, O. B. N. (1986) Effect of cassava peel processing on the nutrient utilization and physiopathology of the African giant rat (Cricetomus gambianus. Water house). Tropical. Agriculture. Trinidad, 63 (2): 125–128.

Toussant, M. J., and J. D. Latshaw, 1999. Ovomucin content and composition in chicken eggs with different interior quality. J. Sci. Food Agric. 79:1666–1670.

Ubalua A O (2007) Cassava waste: treatment options and value addition alternatives. African Journal of Biotechnology vol. 6 (18): 2065-2073. ISSN 1684–5315 © 2007 Academic Journals. URL: http://www.academicjournals.org/AJB

Ukachukwu, S. N. (2005) Studies on the nutritive value of composite cassava pellets for poultry: chemical composition and metabolizable energy. Livestock Research for Rural Development; 17(11) article # 125 http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd17/11/ukac17125.htm

Walsh, T. J., Rizk, R. E. and Brake, J. (1995). Effects of temperature and carbon dioxide on albumen characteristics, weight loss and early embryonic mortality of long stored hatching eggs. Poultry Science 74: 1403-1410.

Zemková, L., M. Simeonovová, M. Lichovníková, K. Somerliková (2007): The effects of housing systems and age of hens on the weight and cholesterol concentration of the egg. Czech Journal of Animal Science 52, 110-115


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Animal Production Research