X-RAYING POVERTY DYNAMICS OF HOMESTEAD BROILER ENTREPRENEURS IN NIGER STATE OF NIGERIA

M. S. Sadiq, I. P. Singh, M. M. Ahmad, M. Lawal, U. N. Sadiq, Y. M. Kabeer

Abstract


In recent times, the drive to eradicate extreme poverty in developing countries has become more urgent given the need to attain the United Nations Millennium Development Goals(MDGs). Thus, this empirical research investigated poverty dynamism among the homestead broiler entrepreneurs, the fastest growing enterprise in the studied. The multi-stage sampling design was used to enumerate 97 active broiler producers from the sampling frame obtained from Niger State Agricultural Mechanization and Development Authority (NAMDA) and well-structured questionnaire coupled with interview schedules were used to elicit idiosyncratic information from the respondents during the 2016 production period. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the collected data. The empirical evidence showed that more than half of the broiler farming population was poverty-stricken as they live below the poverty line of two-third postulated by World Bank. Furthermore, the major poverty vulnerability driving forces were old age, abuse of indemnity advantage of insurance attached to risk and uncertainty, and possession of title of ownership of the farm enterprise. Therefore, in lieu of these, the study recommended provision of safety net which should target the identified poor household in the studied area. Also, the poverty strategies design should be multi-dimensional such that it would address and focus on the identified determinants in order to achieve the target set by the Millennium Development Goals.

Keywords


Poverty; Dynamics; Broiler entrepreneurs; Homestead; Nigeria

Full Text:

PDF

References


Assa, M.(2012).Poultry production and rural poverty among small-scale farmers in Mzimba District of Malawi. Munich personal RePCe Archive (MPRA) Paper No. 43964, Pp. 1-2

Foster J., Greer, J. and Thorbecke, E.(1984).A class of decomposable poverty measures. Econometrica, 52(3):761-766.

Jensen, H.A. and Dolberg, F.(2003).A conceptual tool for using poultry as a tool in poverty alleviation. Revised version of Paper delivered at the International Conference on Staying Poor: Chronic Poverty and Development Policy, IDPM, University of Manchester.

Liverpool-Tasie, S., Omonona, B., Sanou, A., Ogunleye, W., Padillo, S. and Reardon, T.(2016).Chicken and egg in Nigeria: A dynamic economic subsector. Accessed from http://foodsecuritypolicy.msu.edu/news

Mack, S., Hoffmann, D. and Otte, J.(2005).The contribution of poultry to rural development. World’s Poultry Science Journal, 61(1):7-14.

Okunmadewa, F.Y., Yusuf, S.A., and Omonona, B.T.(2005).Social capital and poverty reduction in Nigeria. Research report submitted to the African Economic Research Consortium (AERC), Nairobi, for the Collaborative Poverty Research Project, Second Phase. Available from http://www.sarpn.org.za/documents/d0002275/index.php

Pica-Ciamarra, U. and Otte, J.(2010).Poultry, food security and poverty in India: Looking beyond the farm‐gate. World’s Poultry Science Journal, 66(2):309-320.

Sadiq, M.S. and Kolo, M.D.(2015).Poverty profile of rural farming household in Niger State and its implication on Food security in Nigeria. International Journal of Agricultural Research and Review, 3(2): pp 161-171

Sadiq, M.S., Singh, I.P. and Lawal, M.(2017).Risk behaviour of homestead broiler entrepreneurs in Niger state of Nigeria. Journal of Animal Production Research, 29(2):246-263

UNICEF (2013).United Nations Children’s Fund 2013.

World Bank (2009).World Development Report (WDR).Oxford University Press.

World Bank (2013).World Development Report (WDR).Oxford University Press.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of Animal Production Research