A CASE REPORT OF BABESIOSIS IN A 2-YEAR OLD WEST AFRICAN DWARF DOE

M. U. Ememe, M. O. Kenneth-Chukwu

Abstract


A 2-year-old West African Dwarf doe weighing 12Kg was presented to the Large Animal Clinic of Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike with chief complaint of in-appetence, red-coloured urine,  weakness and depression  for one week. Physical examination showed rapid respiration, emaciation and ticks on different parts of the body. Clinical examination revealed pyrexia, tachycardia, tachypnea and pale conjunctiva. Laboratory investigations showed decrease red blood cell, packed cell volume and haemoglobin concentration. The total white blood cell count obtained was 16.5 x 109/ L which was higher than the reference value of 4 – 13 x 109/ L. This was as a result of the high neutrophil count. Examination of thin blood smear revealed intracellular organisms suggestive of Babesia ovis. Treatment with combination of babesicidal drugs including diminazene aceturate at dose rate of 3.5 mg/kg and oxytetracycline, 20 mg/kg, and supportive therapy comprising vitamin B complex 1.5 ml and iron supplement 2.2mg/kg did not yield a successful result since the goat died after one week of treatment.  Use of acaricide and early presentation of sick animals are necessary to reduce losses due to this disease.

Keywords


Babesiaovis, Doe, Diminazene aceturate, Oxytetracycline, Ticks

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References


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