EFFECT OF COOKED AFRICAN LOCUST BEAN SEED MEAL DIETS ON PERFORMANCE, HAEMATOLOGICAL PROFILE AND NUTRIENT DIGESTIBILITY OF FINISHER BROILER CHICKENS

M. S. Tamburawa, S. O. Ogundipe, T. S. Olugbemi, T. S. B. Tegbe, S. A. Abubakar

Abstract


This study was conducted to investigate the effect of cooked African locust bean seed meal diets on the growth performance, haematological profile and nutrient digestibility of broiler chicken. One hundred and twenty (120) five weeks old broiler chickens (Marshall Strain) were fed five broiler finisher diets containing cooked African locust bean seeds meal (CALBSM) at dietary level 0, 7.5, 15, 22.5 and 30% designated as T1, T2, T3 ,T4 and T5 respectively. Birds were allotted to five dietary treatments in a completely randomized design (CRD). Each treatment was replicated 3 times containing 8 chicks per replicate. The experiment lasted for 4 weeks. The results of growth performance showed significant differences (P<0.05) in the final body weight, (2585.75_ 2976.69g) and total weight gain (957.70g - 1369.70g), feed cost per kilogram gain (181.32 N/kg - 239.27 N/kg). The values of cost per kg gain and feed conversion ratio were better for birds fed 15% CALBSM diets (181.32 N/kg and 2.45 respectively) compared to others dietary treatments. No significant differences (P>0.05) observed for pack cell volume. haemoglobin and total protein across the dietary treatments. The red blood cell (2.90- 3.83 X106/l) and white blood cell (2.58 - 4.43 X103/mm) counts were significantly (P< 0.05) affected by the dietary treatments. The nutrients digestibility showed that the crude protein (73.02- 86.58%) and crude fibre (58.25 - 66.18%) digestibilities were significantly (P<0.05) affected by the treatments. The digestibilities of some nutrients reduced as the level of CALBSM increased beyond 15%. Based on this study, it can be concluded that African locust bean seeds meal cooked for four hours can be included in the diets of finisher broiler chickens up to 15% without any adverse effect on the growth performance, haematological profile and nutrients digestibilities

Keywords


Broiler chickens, cooked African locust bean seeds, growth performance, haematology and nutrients digestibility.

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