HAEMATOLOGICAL PROFILE OF BIRDS PRODUCED FROM DIALLEL CROSSING OF THREE GENOTYPES OF NIGERIAN INDIGENOUS CHICKENS

A. A. Musa, M. Orunmuyi, G. N. Akpa, A. K. Olutunmogun, A. J. Shoyombo

Abstract


The research was designed to evaluate the variations in haematological parameters of Nigerian indigenous chickens as affected by genetic group and sex with the aim of investigating the possibility of using haematological parameters as a candidate marker in selection and improvement programs. A total of 601 chicks were hatched from a diallel crossing between three genotypes (Normal, Frizzle and Naked neck) of Nigerian indigenous chickens. A mating ratio of one male to five females was employed. At 20 weeks of age, a total of 90 blood samples were randomly collected from all the nine genetic groups. The result revealed that genetic groups significantly (P<0.05) affected PCV, Hb, HET, LYMP and MCH, but did not affect (P>0.05) WBC, pH, EOSI, MCV and MCHC. On the other hand, sex and group × sex interaction did not affect (P>0.05) all the haematological parameters measured. However, we observed significant genetic variations in all haematological parameters of pure and crossbred Nigerian indigenous chicken, except LYMP and pH. The result, therefore, indicates that these haematological parameters could be used in selection and improvement program for fitness and productivity in Nigerian indigenous chickens.


Keywords


Haematology, Nigerian indigenous chicken, diallel crossing.

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