SMALL RUMINANT PRODUCTION CHARACTERISTICS BY RURAL FARM-FAMILIES AT NAERLS ADOPTED VILLAGES OF NORTH-WEST NIGERIA

A. O. Iyiola-Tunji

Abstract


The characteristics of small ruminant production by rural farm-families at National Agricultural Extension and Research Liaison Services (NAERLS) adopted villages were studied in other to identify the socio-economic characteristics of the small ruminant farmers and their production characteristics. One hundred and forty respondents (28 from each of the five villages) were randomly selected from Guga, Hayin Gada, Nasarawa Buhari, Sakadadi, and Tundu Iya. Primary data were collected using interview scheduled which had been pre-tested and subjected to face validity. Quantitative data on farmers’ personal and socio-economic variables as well as small ruminant production characteristic, perception on profitability, etc. were gathered. Data collected on socio-economic characteristics of the respondents were analyzed using frequencies counts and percentages. Chi-squares (SPSS, 2008) was used to test the distributions of entries within variables in the study area.  Small ruminant farmers in NAERLS adopted villages perceived their ventures of rearing sheep and goats are profitable (P<0.01). Far less than half (37.9%) of them used improved practices such as supplementary feeding, vaccination/medication, provision of housing, etc. However, a large proportion of the farmers belonged to farmers’ association and had access to extension services. It is therefore recommended that the adopted village concept in NAERLS and other National Agricultural Research Institutes (NARIs) should be further sustained with adequate funding. Smallholder livestock farmers at the adopted villages should be encouraged to increase their investments in improved practices.


Keywords


Small ruminants, livestock, adopted villages, NAERLS

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References


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