S. A. Abubakar, S. S. Sani, S. B. Abdu, M. R. Hassan, S. L. Abdulrahman


An experiment was conducted to investigate the nutrient composition, mineral contents and cell wall fractions of some selected tropical legumes harvested at 60, 70, 80 and 90 days after sowing (DAS). The legumes are Mucuna pruriens, Centrosema pascourum, Alysicarpus vaginalis, Lablab purpureus and Vigna unguiculata. The nutrient concentration in all the forages varies with the stages of harvest. There was no significant (P > 0.05) variation in chemical composition of all the legumes studied except for the percentage EE that was highest (1.02%) in Centrosema pascourum and lowest (0.78%) in Alysicarpus vaginalis. The mineral constituent also showed no significant (P>0.05) difference in all the legumes understudied except for Phosphorus which was highest in Mucuna pruriens (0.477 ppm) and lowest (0.062 ppm) in A. vaginalis. Legumes harvested at earlier stage may assume high quality material but this study will serve as a guide on squality of hay material to be conserved by stockowners for dry season feeding. It is advocated that stockmen should give more research attention to such legumes hay conservation practice.


Hay, stages of growth, sub-humid Nigeria, tropical legumes

Full Text:



Agishi E. C. (1984). Mineral content of browse plant. Annual Report 1984, NAPRI, ABU Zaria. Pp47-55.

Amodu J. T. and Abubakar, S. A., (2004). Forage conservation practices. Forage Production and Management in Nigeria. A Training Manual, National Animal Production Research Institute Shika, Zaria. Nigeria. Pp 60-67

Awad, O. A. and Elhadi, O. A. (2010). Seasonal variability in nutritive value of ruminant diets under open grazing system in the semi-arid rangeland of Sudan (South Darfur State). Agriculture and Biological Journal of America, 1(3):243-249.

Kallah, M. S., Muhammad, I. R., Abdullahi, U. S., Olorunju, S. A. S. (2000). Nutrient concentrations of stem segments of lovegrass (Eragrotis tremula L.) Journal of Agricultural and Environment Volume 1(2):43-52.

Kallah, M. S.; Bale, J. O.; Abdullahi, U. S.; Muhammad, I. R. and Lawal R. (2000). Nutrient composition of native forbes of semi-arid and dry sub-humid savannas of Nigeria. Animal Feed Science and Technology 84:137-145.

McDowell, L. R.; Conrad J. H. and Humbry F. G. (1983). Mineral for grazing ruminants in Tropical Regions Bulletin, the U. S. Agency for Literature Development and Carribean Basin Advisoty Group (CBAG), USA 74 pp.

Omokanye, A. T. (2001). Seed production, herbage residue and crude protein content of Centro (Centrosema pubescens) in the year of establishment at Shika. Tropicultura 19 (4):176-179

SAS (2005). Statistical Analysis Software (CD-ROM), Version 8.1, SAS Institute Inc., Cary, N.C., USA.

Skerman, P. J. (1988). Tropical legumes. FAO plant production and protection series No. 2, 2nd Edition.

Tarawali, S. A. (1994). Evaluation of selected forage legumes for livestock and crop production in the sub-humid zone of Nigeria. Journal of Agriculture Science 123:35-60.

Van Soest, P. J., Robertson, J. B., Lewis, B. A., (1991). Method for dietary fiber, neutral detergent fiber, and Nonstarch polysaccharides in relation to Animal Nutrition. Journal Dairy Science 74:3583-3597.

Yashim, S.M., Adamu, A.M., Lakpini, C.A.M., Abdul S. B. (2006). Comparative response of growing rams fed solely on Centrosema pascuorum and Alysicarpus vaginalis. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition. Volume, 5(3):261-262.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Comments on this article

View all comments

Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of Animal Production Research