CHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND IN VITRO GAS PRODUCTION OF FRUITS OF FOUR TROPICAL FORAGE SPECIES

V. O. A. Ojo,, T. A. Adeyemi, O. O. Adelusi, O. O. Bolarin-Akinwande, J. T. Amodu

Abstract


Chemical composition and in vitro gas production of Canavalia ensiformis, Tephrosia bracteolata, Enterolobium cyclocarpum and Moringa oleifera fruits (pods with seeds) were evaluated for their potentials as feeds or supplements for ruminants in a completely randomized design replicated four times. The results revealed that the crude protein content was highest (P<0.05) (196.27 g kg-1) in T. bracteolata while the least value (147.45 g kg-1) was in E. cyclocarpum. The values for neutral detergent fibre was least (410.00 g kg-1) in the pods of C. ensiformis while the highest was in E. cyclocarpum (740.00 g kg-1). Canavalia ensiformis consistently had significant (P<0.05) highest values in the calculated dry matter intake, dry matter digestibility and relative feed value above other plant pods. Highest gas was from M. oleifera (30.00 ml/200 mg DM) during the in vitro gas production. Methane production was significantly (P<0.05) highest in T. bracteolata and M. oleifera (0.21 mM) followed by C. ensiformis (0.20 mM) and the least methane was produced by E. cyclocarpum (0.18 mM). In conclusion, plant pods evaluated possessed many desirable nutritive potentials with good biological values and their use as supplements to matured and senescent grasses as well as crop residues especially in the dry season will help to reduce the cost of feeding animals as well as improve their performance.

Keywords


forage plants, in vitro, methane, pods, tannin

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References


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