ANALYSIS OF PREFERENCE AND THE DETERMINANTS OF QUAIL EGG DEMAND AMONG HOUSEHOLDS JOS METROPOLIS, PLATEAU STATE, NIGERIA

T. S. Folorunso, N. E. Gama, D. E. Udoh

Abstract


This study examined the preference and the determinants of quail egg demand in Jos metropolis of plateau state, Nigeria. Using cluster sampling technique, 140 respondents were selected for the study. The specific objectives were to; describe the socioeconomic characteristics of respondents, estimate the factors affecting quail egg demand and preference for protein sources.  Primary data were collected by means of well-structured questionnaire administered through personal interview. The data collected was analyzed using descriptive statistics and multiple regression model. The result of socioeconomic characteristics of respondents shows that majority of the respondents, fall between the age group of 31-40 years (49%), (6%) are within the age group of >50 years. The result also revealed that (56%) of the respondents were male while (44%) were females. On education, 44% attended tertiary institution while primary, secondary, and non-formal (2%), (43%), (11%), respectively. The result further indicated that 78% of the respondents are married while 18% are singles, 2% are divorced, and 2% are single parents.  It also further indicates that 67% of the respondents have business source of income while only 33% are Civil servants.  Also, it shows that most households have a size of about 4-6 persons (33%), 1-3 (26%), 7-9 (23%), 10 and above (6%), 1 had (12%). Preference for protein product shows that about 61% of the households in Jos metropolis of Plateau State preferred beef to other protein products. This is followed by fish with 24%. This is followed by poultry eggs with about 14% of the sampled households preferring the product. The least preferred product is quail products with 1% of the sampled households preferring it. The regression result shows that variables such as price of quail eggs, price of fowl eggs, health reasons, taste and habit were significant at 1% level of probability while household expenditure was significant at 5% level of probability. Unavailability of quail eggs (32%), cost of product (26%), size of egg (19%), market distance (9%), taste of egg (4%) and spoilage (4%) were the major constraints of quail egg demand in the study area. There is the need for poultry farmers to produce more of quail eggs, create awareness to the general public on the benefit of both consumption and production of quail eggs, government should fund research in quail egg production as it will help create more jobs for the teeming unemployed youth. Also, quail eggs should be included as the animal protein source in the free school feeding programme of the federal government of Nigeria.

Keywords


Quail egg, preference, household demand, Jos metropolis, Nigeria

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