ANALYSIS OF ENTREPRENEURAL MANAGEMENT AND FOOD SECURITY STRATEGIES OF SMALL RUMINANT WOMEN FARMERS IN KIRIKASSAMMA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF JIGAWA STATE

S. Abdulrahman,, J. R. Mani, Y. U. Oladimeji, R. O. Abdulazeez, L. A. Ibrahim

Abstract


This study carried out in Kirikassamma Local Government Area (LGA) of Jigawa State to examine the entrepreneurial management of small ruminant production in the achievement of food security among rural women. A multistage sampling procedure was used to select respondents for the study. A total of 197 respondents were randomly selected from eight villages in the study area. Descriptive statistics, tobit regression and cost of calorie intake were used in analysing the data. The result showed that small ruminant women farmers in the study area are married (98%); average age of 34 years with adjusted household size of 5. The estimated mean years of schooling of the respondents were 6 years, largely skewed towards the non-formal education. Furthermore, the majority of the respondents (86%) had an income ranging from ₦40, 000-₦80000 with an average income of ₦65,000. Based on the recommended daily calorie intake of 2260 kilo calorie, it was found out that approximately 51.3% of the respondents were food secure and 48.7% were not food secure. The food security indexes for the food secure and insecure households were found to be 1.29 and 0.73 respectively implying that food secure households consumed 29% in excess of their daily calorie requirements; while food insecure households consumed 27% less than their daily calorie requirements. This study also revealed that 6.1% of the respondents were found to be severely food insecure. The determinants of food security in the study area were age, education and income. The medium level of risk orientation ( =2.63) was noticed with more number among the rural women followed by low social motivation ( =2.08). These was due to their low level of educational attainment in the study area.The study, therefore, recommended that small ruminant women farmers should be educated on the need to diversify their sources of income from agriculture to off- farm income generating businesses. This is to improve food security at a household level.

Keywords


Women, Small ruminant, Food security, Jigawa state

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References


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