EFFECTS OF GRADED LEVELS OF TOASTED PIGEON (Cajanus cajan ) SEED MEAL ON THE PERFORMANCE OF GROWER PIGS

I. S. Adama,, T. F. Mbahi,, B. Yakubu

Abstract


A fifty six (56) days feeding trial was conducted to assess the effects of graded levels of toasted pigeon pea seed meal on the performance of grower pigs. Forty crossbred grower pigs with an average body weight of 25.0 kg were used for the experiment. The pigs were randomly allotted to five dietary treatments in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD). Five diets were compounded using toasted pigeon seed meal. Diet 1 was devoid of toasted seed meal while Diets 2, 3, 4 and 5 had 30%, 40%, 50% and 60% inclusion levels of toasted pigeon pea seed meal (TPSM) respectively. Parameters measured included live weight, feed intake, weight gain, feed conversion ratio and economics of production. Result showed that all the parameters considered in the study showed no significant difference (p>0.05) across all the treatment groups. . The anti-nutritional factors (oxalate, phytic acid and tannins) composition did not show significant difference (p>0.05) across the treatment groups. However, it was observed that feed cost (N/kg) decreased with the increasing level of pigeon pea seed meal. The value for the  cost saving (N) were; N22.07and N0.33 for diets T2             and T3 representing 30% and 40% TPSM respectively while diets T4 and T5 representing 50% and 60% TPSM respectively did not exert any positive value. It was therefore concluded that toasted pigeon pea seed could be included up to 60% in the ration of grower pigs successfully without adversely affecting their performance though not economically viable after 40% TPSM inclusion.


Keywords


Performance, Grower Pigs, Toasted pigeon pea

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