J. O. Owolabi, O. B. Adeniji, M. O. Ojo, R. S. Olaleye


This study assessed the impact of Animal Traction Technology (ATT) usage on crop farmers’ income in Northwestern Nigeria. The States covered were Kaduna, Zamfara and Kano States. Primary data were collected through the use of a structured questionnaire. A multistage sampling procedure and interview schedule were used to select two categories of respondents. The study employed survey method to select 140 farmers using ATT and 170 farmers who were non ATT users to serve as control group. Data were analyzed by means of descriptive statistics such as mean, frequency distribution and percentages, and propensity score matching statistics. The result showed that there was no significant difference between the ages of the users and non-users of animal traction technology. The study also revealed that about 39% of respondents were within the age 40-49 years with an average age of 46 years. The study also revealed that average household size of the respondents was 6 members. The result also indicates a difference in the incomes of both users (396,778) and non-users (233,473.5) of ATT, thus, about 63% increase in crop farmers’ income was achieved as a result of their using animal traction technology. The result of regression analysis shows the use of annual traction technology to have a positive impact on respondents’ income and was significant at P < 0.01. Measures such as intensification of new input technology usage in farming at an affordable cost to the farmers should be implemented. In order to promote ATT usage, it is recommended that further research and extension on ATT be replicated in other zones of the country.


Animal traction technology, usage, farmer, Income, Northern, Nigeria

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