ASSESSMENT OF TWO MAIZE – ACCESSIONS FOR NUTRIENTS CONTENT AND DIGESTIBILITY WITH RED SOKOTO GOATS IN NORTHERN GUINEA SAVANNA OF NIGERIA

T. T. Akpensuen, J. T. Amodu, D. D. Dung, R. J Tanko, A. Musa, M. R. Hassan, S. A. Abubabar

Abstract


The study was conducted to determine the nutrients content and digestibility of two maize accessions: West Atlantic Seed Alliance1 (WASA1) and a cultivar from Shika tagged (SHIMAZ). The maize seeds were planted in plots size of 5m X 5m with four replicates for each maize accession and eight Red Sokoto goats (four for each accession) were used for digestibility study in a completely randomized design (CRD). Six polyethene bags; (three for each accession) were used for silage making. The result showed that, the ash (10.8%) content in WASA1 silage was higher (P<0.01) compared to that of 6.8% in SHIMAZ. The silage CP content was also higher (P<0.01) in WASA1 than SHIMAZ (8.6 vs. 7.3%), respectively, while there was no difference (P>0.05) in DM and CF contents of the two maize accessions.  The ash content was higher (P<0.01) in silage compared to fresh forage materials (10.7 vs. 4.51%) and (7.6 vs. 5.1%) for WASA1 and SHIMAZ, respectively. Crude protein was higher (P<0.01) in ensiled forage compared to fresh forage materials (8.6 vs. 6.9%) in WASA1 while there was also no difference (P>0.05) between silage and fresh forage materials in SHIMAZ, even though it’s silage had a higher value. There was also no difference (P>0.05) in dry matter intake (DMI) and crude protein intake (CPI). Apparent nutrients digestibility were not significant (P>0.05) except for crude protein digestibility (CPD) which was higher (P<0.05) in WASA1 compared to SHIMAZ (73.4 vs. 61.7%) and (82.7 vs. 76.9%) for forage and silage, respectively. The two maize accessions have high nutrients digestibility and can be grown in the Northern Guinea Savanna of Nigeria for animal feeding.

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